You are here

People of Pakistan

Pakistan is a diverse country, with a number of distinct ethno-linguistic and cultural traditions. The Punjabis, including Seraiki speaking people, constitute approximately 55% of the population, Sindhis 20%, Pathans 10%, the Mujahirs (those who migrated from India in 1947) 7%, and the Balochis 5%. The other sub-groups include the Hindko speakers in the NWFP and the Brahuis of Balochistan.

Pakistan's Population: 207,862,518 (2018 est.)
Age Bracket % of Total Male Female
0-14 years 30.76% 32,828,078 31,118,626
15-64 years 64.68% 69,447,835 64,987,605
65+ years 4.56% 4,399,926 5,080,448

Median Age: 24.1 years (male: 24.1 years, female: 24.2 years)

Population Growth Rate: 1.41%

Birth Rate: 21.6 births/1,000 population

Death Rate: 6.3 deaths/1,000 population

Net Migration Rate: -1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population

Pakistan's Sex Ratio
Age Bracket Males per 1 Female
Birth 1.05
0-14 years 1.06
15-64 years 1.056
65+ years .87
Total 1.05

Infant Mortality Rate: 50.4 deaths/1,000 live births (male: 53.5, female: 47.1)

Life Expectancy at Birth: 63.39 years (male: 62.4, female: 64.44)

Total Fertility Rate: 2.55 children born/woman

Major Infectious Diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, and rabies

HIV/AIDS prevalence rate: 0.1%

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 160,000

HIV/AIDS Deaths: 6,400

Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s), adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic Groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Saraiki, Mujahir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)

Religions: Muslim 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shi'a 10-15%), other (includes Chirstian and Hindu) 3.6% 

Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): 57.9% (male: 69.5%, female: 45.8%)

All data from CIA World Factbook