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People of Pakistan

Pakistan is a diverse country, with a number of distinct ethno-linguistic and cultural traditions. The Punjabis, including Seraiki speaking people, constitute approximately 55% of the population, Sindhis 20%, Pathans 10%, the Mujahirs (those who migrated from India in 1947) 7%, and the Balochis 5%. The other sub-groups include the Hindko speakers in the NWFP and the Brahuis of Balochistan.

Pakistan's Population: 165,803,560 (July 2006 est.)
Age Bracket % of Total Male Female
0-14 years 39% 33,293,428 31,434,314
15-64 years 56.9% 48,214,298 46,062,933
65+ years 4.1% 3,256,065 3,542,522

Median Age: 19.8 years (male: 19.7 years, female: 20 years)

Population Growth Rate: 2.09%

Birth Rate: 29.74 births/1,000 population

Death Rate: 8.23 deaths/1,000 population

Net Migration Rate: -0.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population

Pakistan's Sex Ratio
Age Bracket Males per 1 Female
Birth 1.05
0-15 years 1.06
15-64 years 1.05
65+ years .92
Total 1.05

Infant Mortality Rate: 70.45 deaths/1,000 live births (male: 70.84, female: 70.04)

Life Expectancy at Birth: 63.39 years (male: 62.4, female: 64.44)

Total Fertility Rate: 4 children born/woman

Major Infectious Diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever dengue fever, malaria, and cutaneous leishmaniasis (depending on location), rabies

HIV/AIDS prevalence rate: 0.1%

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 74,000

HIV/AIDS Deaths: 4,900

Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s), adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic Groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Mujahir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)

Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%

Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): 48.7% (male: 61.7%, female: 35.2%)